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Erectile Dysfunction Causes

Understanding the Causes of Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction is a common condition that affects a large number of men. Both men and women can experience significant consequences in their relationship.

In addition to the physical aspect, psychological and emotional well-being can also be damaged.

ED can be a complex issue, so understanding the underlying causes can be helpful to both partners. Below are some of the most common reasons men may experience erectile dysfunction.

1. Physical Health Conditions

An erection results from blood flow being directed to the penis, whether due to arousal or other reasons.

Physical conditions such as cardiovascular illnesses can lead to restricted blood flow in the body. Hypertension, atherosclerosis, and heart disease can even damage blood vessels, furthering the effects of ED.

Other illnesses (e.g., diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome) can negatively impact hormone levels, nerve function, and blood circulation. This can impair the capability of producing an erect penis.

2. Medications that Cause Erectile Dysfunction

Some medications have side effects that contribute to erectile dysfunction. These medications include:
  • Diuretics
  • Antihypertensives
  • Antihistamines
  • Antidepressants

Additionally, recreational drug use, such as alcohol, smoking, and other illicit drugs, can adversely affect sexual function.

Drugs can influence various body functions, including:
  • Reducing blood flow
  • Impairing nerve function
  • Depleting sexual desire

3. Psychological Factors

This is a significant factor for many people. Mental health can actually play an important role when it comes to ED.

A negative mental state can make it difficult to achieve and maintain an erection. These cognitive factors include:
  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Relationship problems
  • Self-esteem issues
  • Performance anxiety

Properly managing different aspects of your life can help reduce stressful or anxiety-driven situations.

For some, seeking therapy with a mental health professional can provide a great benefit.

4. Diet and Lifestyle Choices

Unsurprisingly, diet and lifestyle choices can affect body functions and overall health. Lack of exercise and a sedentary lifestyle can increase the risk of erectile dysfunction.

This is, of course, affected by diet choices and the overall nutrition of our food.

Additionally, a lack of quality sleep can lead to a declining mental state and stress. This can lead to a hormone imbalance, obesity, diabetes, and even cardiovascular issues, contributing to erectile dysfunction.

5. Age and Hormonal Changes

Our hormone levels change as we age. Men experience a decrease in testosterone the older they get.

Bioavailable levels of testosterone in the body decrease by 2%-3% every year. Additionally, 20% of men over 60 have testosterone levels below the normal range.

Testosterone influences our libido and sexual function. Depressed testosterone levels can lead to reduced sexual desire and can contribute to erectile dysfunction.

Hormone therapy can help replenish testosterone levels, but you must consult with healthcare professionals before starting any treatment.

Addressing the Causes of Erectile Dysfunction

Many components can factor into the development of erectile dysfunction. Diet, lifestyle choices, mental health, and medications can all affect the body differently.

Sometimes, simple lifestyle changes and partner communication can help mend problems. But in some cases, more significant approaches should be taken.

Make sure to talk with a healthcare professional. This can include your doctor, therapist, or pharmacist. Addressing erectile dysfunction can be a tandem effort with the client, provider, and partner.

You can complete the form below or call our Littleton or Cherry Creek locations.

Send us a text or social media message, and we will respond promptly!
Littleton: (303) 707-1500
Cherry Creek: (303) 333-2010